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Global References

geography. Data comes from the USAID Collecting Taxes database (http://catalog.data.gov/dataset/collecting-taxes-database). We use the most-recently published dataset from 2012-2013. Changes over time are with respect to the dataset from 2009-2010.
income group. Data comes from the USAID Collecting Taxes database (http://catalog.data.gov/dataset/collecting-taxes-database). We use the most-recently published dataset from 2012-2013. Changes over time are with respect to the dataset from 2009-2010.
value-added-tax (VAT) rate. Data comes from the USAID Collecting Taxes database (http://catalog.data.gov/dataset/collecting-taxes-database). We use the most-recently published dataset from 2012-2013. Changes over time are with respect to the dataset from 2009-2010.
value-added-tax (VAT) gross compliance ratio. Higher values are better. Data comes from the USAID Collecting Taxes database (http://catalog.data.gov/dataset/collecting-taxes-database). We use the most-recently published dataset from 2012-2013. Changes over time are with respect to the dataset from 2009-2010.
value-added-tax (VAT) productivity. Higher values are better. Data comes from the USAID Collecting Taxes database (http://catalog.data.gov/dataset/collecting-taxes-database). We use the most-recently published dataset from 2012-2013. Changes over time are with respect to the dataset from 2009-2010.
value-added-tax (VAT) threshold. Data comes from the USAID Collecting Taxes database (http://catalog.data.gov/dataset/collecting-taxes-database). We use the most-recently published dataset from 2012-2013. Changes over time are with respect to the dataset from 2009-2010.
time since the VAT was introduced. Data comes from the USAID Collecting Taxes database (http://catalog.data.gov/dataset/collecting-taxes-database). We use the most-recently published dataset from 2012-2013. Changes over time are with respect to the dataset from 2009-2010.
corporate income tax rate. Data comes from the USAID Collecting Taxes database (http://catalog.data.gov/dataset/collecting-taxes-database). We use the most-recently published dataset from 2012-2013. Changes over time are with respect to the dataset from 2009-2010.
corporate income tax productivity. Higher values are better. Data comes from the USAID Collecting Taxes database (http://catalog.data.gov/dataset/collecting-taxes-database). We use the most-recently published dataset from 2012-2013. Changes over time are with respect to the dataset from 2009-2010.
minimum non-zero personal income tax rate. Data comes from the USAID Collecting Taxes database (http://catalog.data.gov/dataset/collecting-taxes-database). We use the most-recently published dataset from 2012-2013. Changes over time are with respect to the dataset from 2009-2010.
maximum tax rate on personal income. Data comes from the USAID Collecting Taxes database (http://catalog.data.gov/dataset/collecting-taxes-database). We use the most-recently published dataset from 2012-2013. Changes over time are with respect to the dataset from 2009-2010.
income level at which the top marginal personal income tax rate is imposed. Data comes from the USAID Collecting Taxes database (http://catalog.data.gov/dataset/collecting-taxes-database). We use the most-recently published dataset from 2012-2013. Changes over time are with respect to the dataset from 2009-2010.
income level at which the lowest non-zero marginal personal income tax rate is imposed. Data comes from the USAID Collecting Taxes database (http://catalog.data.gov/dataset/collecting-taxes-database). We use the most-recently published dataset from 2012-2013. Changes over time are with respect to the dataset from 2009-2010.
personal income tax productivity. Higher values are better. Data comes from the USAID Collecting Taxes database (http://catalog.data.gov/dataset/collecting-taxes-database). We use the most-recently published dataset from 2012-2013. Changes over time are with respect to the dataset from 2009-2010.
social security tax as a percentage of gross salary. Data comes from the USAID Collecting Taxes database (http://catalog.data.gov/dataset/collecting-taxes-database). We use the most-recently published dataset from 2012-2013. Changes over time are with respect to the dataset from 2009-2010.
labor taxation as a percentage of gross salary. Data comes from the USAID Collecting Taxes database (http://catalog.data.gov/dataset/collecting-taxes-database). We use the most-recently published dataset from 2012-2013. Changes over time are with respect to the dataset from 2009-2010.
net VAT collection as a percentage of GDP. Data comes from the USAID Collecting Taxes database (http://catalog.data.gov/dataset/collecting-taxes-database). We use the most-recently published dataset from 2012-2013. Changes over time are with respect to the dataset from 2009-2010.
corporate income tax collection as a percentage of GDP. Data comes from the USAID Collecting Taxes database (http://catalog.data.gov/dataset/collecting-taxes-database). We use the most-recently published dataset from 2012-2013. Changes over time are with respect to the dataset from 2009-2010.
personal income tax collection as a percentage of GDP. Data comes from the USAID Collecting Taxes database (http://catalog.data.gov/dataset/collecting-taxes-database). We use the most-recently published dataset from 2012-2013. Changes over time are with respect to the dataset from 2009-2010.
total tax revenues (domestic and customs) as a percentage of GDP. Data comes from the USAID Collecting Taxes database (http://catalog.data.gov/dataset/collecting-taxes-database). We use the most-recently published dataset from 2012-2013. Changes over time are with respect to the dataset from 2009-2010.
tax collection overhead. Lower values are better. Data comes from the USAID Collecting Taxes database (http://catalog.data.gov/dataset/collecting-taxes-database). We use the most-recently published dataset from 2012-2013. Changes over time are with respect to the dataset from 2009-2010.
organize tax administration along functional lines. Data comes from the USAID Collecting Taxes database (http://catalog.data.gov/dataset/collecting-taxes-database). We use the most-recently published dataset from 2012-2013. Changes over time are with respect to the dataset from 2009-2010.
have a semi-autonomous revenue agency. A 'yes' value is good. Data comes from the USAID Collecting Taxes database (http://catalog.data.gov/dataset/collecting-taxes-database). We use the most-recently published dataset from 2012-2013. Changes over time are with respect to the dataset from 2009-2010.
have a large-taxpayer unit within tax administration. A 'yes' value is good. Data comes from the USAID Collecting Taxes database (http://catalog.data.gov/dataset/collecting-taxes-database). We use the most-recently published dataset from 2012-2013. Changes over time are with respect to the dataset from 2009-2010.
have a combined tax and customs administration. Data comes from the USAID Collecting Taxes database (http://catalog.data.gov/dataset/collecting-taxes-database). We use the most-recently published dataset from 2012-2013. Changes over time are with respect to the dataset from 2009-2010.
require certification of no outstanding tax obligations before engaging in certain activities. Data comes from the USAID Collecting Taxes database (http://catalog.data.gov/dataset/collecting-taxes-database). We use the most-recently published dataset from 2012-2013. Changes over time are with respect to the dataset from 2009-2010.
tax administrators per 1,000 inhabitants. Data comes from the USAID Collecting Taxes database (http://catalog.data.gov/dataset/collecting-taxes-database). We use the most-recently published dataset from 2012-2013. Changes over time are with respect to the dataset from 2009-2010.
active taxpayers per tax administrator. Higher values are better. Data comes from the USAID Collecting Taxes database (http://catalog.data.gov/dataset/collecting-taxes-database). We use the most-recently published dataset from 2012-2013. Changes over time are with respect to the dataset from 2009-2010.
rely on hydrocarbons or minerals for at least 25% of fiscal revenue or of export proceeds. Data comes from the USAID Collecting Taxes database (http://catalog.data.gov/dataset/collecting-taxes-database). We use the most-recently published dataset from 2012-2013. Changes over time are with respect to the dataset from 2009-2010.
GDP per capita. Data comes from the USAID Collecting Taxes database (http://catalog.data.gov/dataset/collecting-taxes-database). We use the most-recently published dataset from 2012-2013. Changes over time are with respect to the dataset from 2009-2010.
agriculture sector as a percentage of GDP. Data comes from the USAID Collecting Taxes database (http://catalog.data.gov/dataset/collecting-taxes-database). We use the most-recently published dataset from 2012-2013. Changes over time are with respect to the dataset from 2009-2010.
imports as a percentage of GDP. Data comes from the USAID Collecting Taxes database (http://catalog.data.gov/dataset/collecting-taxes-database). We use the most-recently published dataset from 2012-2013. Changes over time are with respect to the dataset from 2009-2010.
private consumption as a percentage of GDP. Data comes from the USAID Collecting Taxes database (http://catalog.data.gov/dataset/collecting-taxes-database). We use the most-recently published dataset from 2012-2013. Changes over time are with respect to the dataset from 2009-2010.
in the European Union. The 28 European Union members as of Nov 2016 were listed at: https://europa.eu/european-union/about-eu/countries/member-countries_en.
IGNORE THIS. Data comes from the USAID Collecting Taxes database (http://catalog.data.gov/dataset/collecting-taxes-database). We use the most-recently published dataset from 2012-2013. Changes over time are with respect to the dataset from 2009-2010.
change in value-added-tax (VAT) rate. Data comes from the USAID Collecting Taxes database (http://catalog.data.gov/dataset/collecting-taxes-database). We use the most-recently published dataset from 2012-2013. Changes over time are with respect to the dataset from 2009-2010.
change over 3 years in value-added-tax (VAT) gross compliance ratio. Higher values are better. Data comes from the USAID Collecting Taxes database (http://catalog.data.gov/dataset/collecting-taxes-database). We use the most-recently published dataset from 2012-2013. Changes over time are with respect to the dataset from 2009-2010.
change over 3 years in value-added-tax (VAT) productivity. Higher values are better. Data comes from the USAID Collecting Taxes database (http://catalog.data.gov/dataset/collecting-taxes-database). We use the most-recently published dataset from 2012-2013. Changes over time are with respect to the dataset from 2009-2010.
change over 3 years in value-added-tax (VAT) threshold. Data comes from the USAID Collecting Taxes database (http://catalog.data.gov/dataset/collecting-taxes-database). We use the most-recently published dataset from 2012-2013. Changes over time are with respect to the dataset from 2009-2010.
change over 3 years in corporate income tax rate. Data comes from the USAID Collecting Taxes database (http://catalog.data.gov/dataset/collecting-taxes-database). We use the most-recently published dataset from 2012-2013. Changes over time are with respect to the dataset from 2009-2010.
change over 3 years in corporate income tax productivity. Higher values are better. Data comes from the USAID Collecting Taxes database (http://catalog.data.gov/dataset/collecting-taxes-database). We use the most-recently published dataset from 2012-2013. Changes over time are with respect to the dataset from 2009-2010.
change over 3 years in minimum non-zero personal income tax rate. Data comes from the USAID Collecting Taxes database (http://catalog.data.gov/dataset/collecting-taxes-database). We use the most-recently published dataset from 2012-2013. Changes over time are with respect to the dataset from 2009-2010.
change over 3 years in maximum tax rate on personal income. Data comes from the USAID Collecting Taxes database (http://catalog.data.gov/dataset/collecting-taxes-database). We use the most-recently published dataset from 2012-2013. Changes over time are with respect to the dataset from 2009-2010.
change over 3 years in personal income tax productivity. Higher values are better. Data comes from the USAID Collecting Taxes database (http://catalog.data.gov/dataset/collecting-taxes-database). We use the most-recently published dataset from 2012-2013. Changes over time are with respect to the dataset from 2009-2010.
change over 3 years in social security tax as a percentage of gross salary. Data comes from the USAID Collecting Taxes database (http://catalog.data.gov/dataset/collecting-taxes-database). We use the most-recently published dataset from 2012-2013. Changes over time are with respect to the dataset from 2009-2010.
change over 3 years in labor taxation as a percentage of gross salary. Data comes from the USAID Collecting Taxes database (http://catalog.data.gov/dataset/collecting-taxes-database). We use the most-recently published dataset from 2012-2013. Changes over time are with respect to the dataset from 2009-2010.
change over 3 years in net VAT collection as a percentage of GDP. Data comes from the USAID Collecting Taxes database (http://catalog.data.gov/dataset/collecting-taxes-database). We use the most-recently published dataset from 2012-2013. Changes over time are with respect to the dataset from 2009-2010.
change over 3 years in corporate income tax collection as a percentage of GDP. Data comes from the USAID Collecting Taxes database (http://catalog.data.gov/dataset/collecting-taxes-database). We use the most-recently published dataset from 2012-2013. Changes over time are with respect to the dataset from 2009-2010.
change over 3 years in personal income tax collection as a percentage of GDP. Data comes from the USAID Collecting Taxes database (http://catalog.data.gov/dataset/collecting-taxes-database). We use the most-recently published dataset from 2012-2013. Changes over time are with respect to the dataset from 2009-2010.
change over 3 years in total tax revenues (domestic and customs) as a percentage of GDP. Data comes from the USAID Collecting Taxes database (http://catalog.data.gov/dataset/collecting-taxes-database). We use the most-recently published dataset from 2012-2013. Changes over time are with respect to the dataset from 2009-2010.
change over 3 years in tax collection overhead. Lower values are better. Data comes from the USAID Collecting Taxes database (http://catalog.data.gov/dataset/collecting-taxes-database). We use the most-recently published dataset from 2012-2013. Changes over time are with respect to the dataset from 2009-2010.
change over 3 years in tax administrators per 1,000 inhabitants. Lower values are better. Data comes from the USAID Collecting Taxes database (http://catalog.data.gov/dataset/collecting-taxes-database). We use the most-recently published dataset from 2012-2013. Changes over time are with respect to the dataset from 2009-2010.
change over 3 years in active taxpayers per tax administrator. Data comes from the USAID Collecting Taxes database (http://catalog.data.gov/dataset/collecting-taxes-database). We use the most-recently published dataset from 2012-2013. Changes over time are with respect to the dataset from 2009-2010.
change over 3 years in GDP per capita. Higher values are better. Data comes from the USAID Collecting Taxes database (http://catalog.data.gov/dataset/collecting-taxes-database). We use the most-recently published dataset from 2012-2013. Changes over time are with respect to the dataset from 2009-2010.
dollar change over 3 years in GDP per capita. Higher values are better. Data comes from the USAID Collecting Taxes database (http://catalog.data.gov/dataset/collecting-taxes-database). We use the most-recently published dataset from 2012-2013. Changes over time are with respect to the dataset from 2009-2010.
change over 3 years in agriculture sector as a percentage of GDP. Data comes from the USAID Collecting Taxes database (http://catalog.data.gov/dataset/collecting-taxes-database). We use the most-recently published dataset from 2012-2013. Changes over time are with respect to the dataset from 2009-2010.
change over 3 years in imports as a percentage of GDP. Data comes from the USAID Collecting Taxes database (http://catalog.data.gov/dataset/collecting-taxes-database). We use the most-recently published dataset from 2012-2013. Changes over time are with respect to the dataset from 2009-2010.
change over 3 years in private consumption as a percentage of GDP. Data comes from the USAID Collecting Taxes database (http://catalog.data.gov/dataset/collecting-taxes-database). We use the most-recently published dataset from 2012-2013. Changes over time are with respect to the dataset from 2009-2010.
improved or maxed out on all tax-productivity measures (there are 3 of these, and each nation needs at least 2 with actual values to qualify). A 'yes' value is good. Data comes from the USAID Collecting Taxes database (http://catalog.data.gov/dataset/collecting-taxes-database). We use the most-recently published dataset from 2012-2013. Changes over time are with respect to the dataset from 2009-2010.
got worse or bottomed out on all tax-productivity measures (there are 3 of these, and each nation needs at least 2 with actual values to qualify). A 'no' value is good. Data comes from the USAID Collecting Taxes database (http://catalog.data.gov/dataset/collecting-taxes-database). We use the most-recently published dataset from 2012-2013. Changes over time are with respect to the dataset from 2009-2010.
improved or maxed out on all change measures (there are 8 of these, and each nation needs at least 3 with actual values to qualify). A 'yes' value is good. Data comes from the USAID Collecting Taxes database (http://catalog.data.gov/dataset/collecting-taxes-database). We use the most-recently published dataset from 2012-2013. Changes over time are with respect to the dataset from 2009-2010.
got worse or bottomed out on all change measures (there are 8 of these, and each nation needs at least 3 with actual values to qualify). A 'no' value is good. Data comes from the USAID Collecting Taxes database (http://catalog.data.gov/dataset/collecting-taxes-database). We use the most-recently published dataset from 2012-2013. Changes over time are with respect to the dataset from 2009-2010.
are better than the worldwide averages in. Bigger sets are better. The average worldwide value of tax collection overhead is 1.33%, so better is below that. The average worldwide value of personal income tax productivity is 0.22, so better is above that. The average worldwide value of corporate income tax productivity is 0.15, so better is above that. The average worldwide value of value-added-tax (VAT) productivity is 0.42, so better is above that. The average worldwide value of value-added-tax (VAT) gross compliance ratio is 65.93, so better is above that.
are worse than the worldwide averages in. Smaller sets are better. The average worldwide value of tax collection overhead is 1.33%, so worse is above that. The average worldwide value of personal income tax productivity is 0.22, so worse is below that. The average worldwide value of corporate income tax productivity is 0.15, so worse is below that. The average worldwide value of value-added-tax (VAT) productivity is 0.42, so worse is below that. The average worldwide value of value-added-tax (VAT) gross compliance ratio is 65.93, so worse is below that.


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