Benchmarking Bronx County, New York against
Bronx County, New York has these related standings among those 64 counties:
- adults who don't eat enough daily fruits & vegetables = 77.60% (the most)
- adult diabetes = 12.3% (the most)
- adult obesity = 30.30% (7th-most)
- food environment index = 7.1 (22nd-lowest, tied)
- local food outlets per 100,000 in population = 6.7 (2nd-most)
- population without nearby access to a large grocery store = 0.63% (5th-least)
Among those 64 counties, it also has the most adult diabetes (12.3%).
Some ways to take action
Institutions and communities can take a specific, multi-pronged approach to increase daily consumption of fruits and vegetables among adults. The CDC Guide to Strategies to Increase the Consumption of Fruits and Vegetables describes each of the following strategies in detail.
- Promote food policy councils as a way to improve the food environment at state and local levels.
- Improve access to retail stores that sell high-quality fruits and vegetables or increase the availability of high-quality fruits and vegetables at retail stores in underserved communities.
- Start or expand farm-to-institution programs in schools, hospitals, workplaces, and other institutions.
- Start or expand farmers’ markets in all settings.
- Start or expand community supported agriculture programs in all settings.
- Ensure access to fruits and vegetables in workplace cafeterias and other food service venues.
- Ensure access to fruits and vegetables at workplace meetings and events.
- Support and promote community and home gardens.
- Establish policies to incorporate fruit and vegetable activities into schools as a way to increase consumption.
- Include fruits and vegetables in emergency food programs.
Note the Case Study Evidence-Based Recommendations Get Minnesotans in the Groove: Blue Cross and Blue Shield of Minnesota launched a long-term health initiative aimed at getting Minnesotans up, active, and embracing a healthier lifestyle through the use of evidence-based strategies found in The Community Guide.
Recommendations by HealthBegins.org
- adults who don't eat enough daily fruits & vegetables. Lower values are better. Percentage of adults who consume fewer than 5 servings of fruits and vegetables per day. Source is CDC, 2005-2009.
- population. Population estimate as of July, 2017. Source: https://www.census.gov/data/tables/2017/demo/popest/counties-total.html.
- median household income ($34,299)
- average weekly wage ($966.00)
- youth who live within 5 miles of a public school (100%)
- households with internet access (99.17%)
- population living close to emergency facilities (92.80%)
- adults who don't eat enough daily fruits & vegetables (77.60%)
- households with utility gas or electric for home heating (63.70%)
- labor-force participation (59.46%)
- households with no vehicle (59.43%)
- households where housing costs (mortgage or rent and utilities) exceed 30% of household income (54.67%)
- pre-school enrollment (51.00%)
- workers who commute 60 minutes or more (32.80%)
- adults who did NOT take part in leisure-time physical activity or exercise in the past month (31.10%)
- poverty rate (30.70%)
- adult obesity (30.30%)
- heart disease among older adults (28.09%)
- adults who self-report fair or poor general health within the last 30 days (27.52%)
- racial integration (27.00%)
- population age 25+ with an Associate Degree or higher (25.81%)
- homeownership rate (19.0%)
- adults of age 18+ who smoke tobacco (17.47%)
- older adults (Medicare beneficiaries) who are diagnosed with depression (15.97%)
- population without health insurance (13.67%)
- adult diabetes (12.3%)
- overcrowded households (12.09%)
- new-business growth rate (11.28%)
- newborns with low birth weight (9.57%)
- cancer among older adults (7.51%)
- land area covered by tree canopy, weighted by population (7.32%)
- households that receive public-assistance income (7.31%)
- civilian labor-force unemployment (7.1%)
- youth of ages 16-19 who are neither working nor enrolled in school (6.49%)
- teenage birth rate (4.95%)
- tax returns that claim adult education tax credits (4.03%)
- households in a FEMA-designated flood hazard area (1.00%)
- vacant houses (0.91%)
- population without nearby access to a large grocery store (0.63%)
- relative disparity in unemployment rates among the disabled, compared to the total population (0.55%)
- change in median household value (-4.59%)
- affordable housing relative to low-income population (-72.50)
- food environment index (7.1)
- jobs within a 45-minute commute by car (592,512)
- local food outlets per 100,000 in population (6.7)
- natural amenities index (1.04)
- nonprofits per 100,000 population (20.7)
- variety of industries among available jobs (0.75)
- walkability index (12.60)
- airborne cancer risk per million in population (91.30)
- car crash fatalities per 100,000 population (3.80)
- chronic health risk from exposure to toxic chemicals (5,636)
- days per month that adults self-report 'not good' mental health (4.41)
- deaths due to drug overdose, alcohol, or suicide per 100,000 population (24.82)
- homicides per 100,000 population (4.160)
- preventable hospital admissions per 100,000 population (5,262)
- property crimes per 100,000 population (1,724)
- relative disparity in Bachelor's degree among blacks and hispanics, compared to whites (0.15)
- relative disparity in income among blacks and hispanics, compared to whites (0.50)
- relative disparity in pollution exposure among blacks, hispanics, and other, compared to whites (7.18)
- relative disparity in poverty rates among blacks and hispanics, compared to whites (0.10)
- relative disparity in premature death among blacks and hispanics, compared to whites (0.10)
- risk of developing serious respiratory complications per 10,000 in population (7.95)
- very-hot days per year (16)
- violent crimes per 100,000 population (619.94)
- CMS-certified beds within active hospitals per 1,000 population (4.06)
- first responders per 1,000 population (1.140)
- population (1,471,160)
- primary-care doctors per 100,000 population (106.59)